WAEC Syllabus for 2024/2025 Physics PDF Download

WAEC Syllabus for 2024/2025 Physics PDF Download : Physics is one of the core subjects for science students who are preparing for the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE). The WAEC syllabus for physics covers the topics, objectives, and recommended textbooks that students need to study in order to excel in the exam. The syllabus is also applicable to students in Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the Gambia who are taking the General Certificate Examination (GCE).

In this blog post, we will provide you with the WAEC syllabus for Physics 2024/2025 in PDF format, as well as some tips on how to cover the syllabus quickly and effectively. You can download the PDF file from the link below and save it on your device for easy access.



The WAEC syllabus for physics is a document that outlines the scope and content of the physics curriculum for senior secondary school students. It contains the following sections:

  • Aims and objectives: This section states the general and specific objectives of the physics course, as well as the skills and attitudes that students are expected to develop.
  • Scheme of examination: This section describes the structure and format of the physics paper, including the number and types of questions, the duration and marks allocation, and the rubrics for marking and grading.
  • Content: This section lists the topics and subtopics that students are required to study, along with the specific objectives and practical activities for each topic.
  • Recommended textbooks: This section suggests some textbooks and reference materials that students can use to supplement their learning and revision.

The WAEC syllabus for physics is divided into five parts, namely:

  • Part 1: Interaction of Matter, Space and Time
  • Part 2: Energy: Mechanical and Heat
  • Part 3: Waves
  • Part 4: Fields
  • Part 5: Atomic and Nuclear Physics


Each part covers several topics and subtopics that are relevant to the physics concepts and principles. The topics include:

    1. Measurements and Units
    2. Scalars and Vectors
    3. Motion
    4. Scalars and Vectors
    5. Equilibrium of Forces
    6. Work, Energy, and Power
    7. Friction
    8. Simple Machines
    9. Elasticity: Hooke’s Law and Young’s Modulus
    10. Pressure
    11. Liquids at Rest
    12. Temperature and Its Measurement
    13. Thermal Expansion
    14. Gas Laws
    15. Quantity of Heat
    16. Change of State
    17. Vapours
    18. Structure of Matter and Kinetic Theory
    19. Heat Transfer
    20. Waves
    21. Propagation of Sound Waves
    22. Characteristics of Sound Waves
    23. Light Energy
    24. Reflection of Light at Plane and Curved Surfaces
    25. Refraction of Light through Plane and Curved Surfaces
    26. Optical Instruments
    27. Dispersion of Light and Colours
    28. Electromagnetic Spectrum
    29. Electrostatics
    30. Capacitors
    31. Electric Cells
    32. Current Electricity
    33. Electrical Energy and Power
    34. Magnets and Magnetic Fields
    35. Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field
    36. Electromagnetic Induction
    37. Simple A. C. Circuits
    38. Conduction of Electricity through Liquids, Gases
    39. Elementary Modern Physics – Bohr’s Theory
    40. Introductory Electronics


You can find the detailed content of the WAEC syllabus for physics in the PDF file that you can download from the link above.



Covering the WAEC syllabus for physics can be challenging, especially if you have a limited time to study and revise. However, with some effective strategies and tips, you can make the most of your time and achieve your desired score. Here are some suggestions on how to cover the WAEC syllabus for physics quickly:

  • Start early: Don’t wait until the last minute to start studying for the physics exam. Start as early as possible, preferably at the beginning of the academic year or term. This will give you enough time to cover all the topics and subtopics in the syllabus, as well as to practice and review them.
  • Plan your study schedule: Make a realistic and achievable study plan that suits your learning style and pace. Allocate enough time for each topic and subtopic, as well as for revision and mock tests. Stick to your plan and monitor your progress regularly.
  • Use the syllabus as a guide: The WAEC syllabus for physics is a useful tool that can help you focus on the important and relevant aspects of the physics course. Use it as a guide to identify the objectives, scope, and depth of each topic and subtopic. Don’t waste time on topics that are not in the syllabus or that are beyond the required level.
  • Read and understand the concepts: Physics is a subject that requires a good understanding of the concepts and principles behind the phenomena and processes. Don’t just memorize the facts and formulas, but try to understand how and why they work. Use diagrams, graphs, tables, and examples to illustrate and explain the concepts. Relate the concepts to real-life situations and applications.
  • Solve problems and practice questions: Physics is also a subject that requires a lot of problem-solving and analytical skills. Don’t just read the theory, but apply it to solve problems and answer questions. Practice as many questions as you can, especially from past WAEC physics papers and other relevant sources. Try to solve different types of questions, such as multiple-choice, short-answer, structured, and essay questions. Check your answers and learn from your mistakes.
  • Do practical activities and experiments: Physics is a subject that involves a lot of practical activities and experiments that demonstrate and verify the concepts and principles. Don’t skip or ignore the practical aspects of the physics course, as they are essential for developing your skills and understanding. Do the practical activities and experiments that are recommended in the syllabus, as well as in your textbooks and reference materials. Record your observations, results, and conclusions. Compare your findings with the theoretical predictions and explanations.
  • Revise and review: Revision and review are crucial for consolidating your knowledge and skills in physics. Don’t just revise once, but do it regularly and systematically. Review the topics and subtopics that you have covered, as well as the ones that you are weak or unsure of. Use various methods and techniques to revise, such as summarizing, outlining, highlighting, flashcards, mind maps, quizzes, etc. Test yourself and assess your performance and improvement.


The WAEC syllabus for physics is a valuable resource that can help you prepare effectively and efficiently for the physics exam. It provides you with the information and guidance that you need to study and master the physics course. By following the syllabus and using the tips that we have shared, you can cover the syllabus quickly and achieve your desired score. We wish you all the best in your physics exam and your future endeavors.

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